Taxability & Exemptions of Motor Vehicles
All sales of motor vehicle are subject to sales or use tax unless an exemption applies. The tax rate charged is based on the county of the purchaser’s residence. While other items may be exempted as a casual sale, the resale of a used motor vehicle is not eligible for this exemption.
The definition of a Casual Sale is found in R.C. 5739.01(L).
The application of Sales and Use tax to a casual sale can be referenced in R.C. 5739.02(B)(8)
What is an exemption?
An exemption is a statutory reason that a retail sale is not subject to sales or use tax. This page discusses exemptions that may apply to motor vehicle transfers.
A few examples of exemptions for motor vehicles:
Direct Farming – Farming –Motor vehicles used primarily in the production of agricultural products for sale may be exempt under R.C. 5739.02(B)(17)
Transportation for Hire – Motor vehicles used primarily in transporting tangible personal property for others may be exempt under R.C. 5739.02(B)(32)
Nonprofit Organizations & Churches – Purchases of motor vehicles by nonprofit charitable organizations and churches may be exempt if the vehicle is purchased by and titled in the name of the organization. R.C. 5739.02(B)(12)
Transportation Services and Public Utilities – Vehicles primarily used to provide taxable transportation services, such as taxicabs or charter services. Note—the purchaser is required to have a vendor’s license and remit sales tax on its taxable transportation services. R.C. 5739.02(B)(41)
What other vehicle purchases are exempt from the sales and use tax?
Find the answer on our Exemptions Definitions page.